(Cities burn millions of gallons of oil and billions of tons of coal 24/7 in order to keep up with demand. All that pollution falls back to Earth. It devastates the ecology of the planet.) Photography by www.captainkimo.com
(Cities around the world house up to 36 million residents such as Tokyo, Japan that intensify air pollution and carbon footprint. Lung cancer rates rise while water pollution rates scream off the charts. Everyone breathes toxic air with every breath 24/7.) Photography by www.theguardian.com
"There is no standstill in global warming. The year 2013 tied with 2007 as the sixth hottest year since 1850 when recording of annual figures began.
"The warming of our oceans has accelerated, and at lower depths. More than 90 percent of the excess energy trapped by greenhouse gases is stored in the oceans. Levels of these greenhouse gases are at a record, meaning that our atmosphere and oceans will continue to warm for centuries to come. The laws of physics are non-negotiable.”
(Shallow-water creatures, like these corals, are extremely vulnerable to carbonic acid. Scientists are calling for drastic measures to avert massive bleaching of the world's reefs.”)Photography by Ove Hoegh-Guiderg/AFP/Getty Images
When carbon dioxide dissolves in the ocean, carbonic acid forms. This leads to higher acidity, which inhibits shell growth in marine animals and causes reproductive disorders in some fish.
On the pH scale, which runs from 0 to 14, solutions with low numbers are considered acidic and those with higher numbers are basic. Seven is neutral. Over the past 300 million years, ocean pH measured “basic”, averaging 8.2. Today, it is around 8.1, a drop of 0.1 pH units, representing a 25-percent increase in acidity over the past two centuries.
Humpback whales are among the many whales that feed on krill, which will be subject to multiple climate stressors. (Photo courtesy International Whaling Commission)
In fact, this planet will respond with deadly force with the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse.
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